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What is Dentistry?

What is Dentistry

A dentist is a doctor who is engaged in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the teeth, oral cavity and maxillofacial region. The profession of a dentist is a fairly broad concept, which includes a number of specialists of a narrow profile.

What does a dentist do?

The dentistry profession covers a fairly wide range of activities: treatment, prevention, surgery, prosthetics, bite correction and much more. Each specialist is engaged in a separate area:

  • A┬ádentist-therapist conducts an initial examination, diagnosis and general treatment – restores teeth, removes nerves, prepares the oral cavity for prosthetics. Such a doctor treats various diseases: caries, fluxes, and others;
  • An orthodontist dentist is involved in the correction of teeth, or rather, their incorrect location in the oral cavity. This specialist also deals with braces.
  • An orthopedic dentist restores and implants teeth.
  • A dentist-surgeon removes teeth, operates on the jaw, joints and face, and also prepares the oral cavity for operations performed by an orthopedic dentist, removes implants.

Common dental services

Therapeutic dentistry:

  • Enamel hypoplasia;
  • Enamel fluorosis;
  • Wedge-shaped defect;
  • Pathological abrasion of teeth;
  • Hard tissue necrosi;
  • Hyperesthesia of the teeth;
  • Tooth enamel erosion;
  • Tooth injury;
  • Caries;
  • Pulpitis;
  • Periodontal;
  • Periostitis;
  • Traumatic stomatitis;
  • Symptomatic stomatitis;
  • Specific stomatitis;
  • Catarrhal stomatitis;
  • Ulcerative stomatitis;
  • Aphthous stomatitis;
  • Cheilitis;
  • Glossitis.

Periodontology:

  • Periodontitis;
  • Periodontal disease;
  • Gingivitis.

Surgical dentistry and maxillofacial surgery:

  • Trigeminal neuralgia;
  • Trigeminal neuritis;
  • Glossalgia;
  • Parotitis;
  • Acute inflammation of the salivary glands;
  • Salivary stone disease;
  • Salivary gland cancer;
  • Periostitis;
  • Jaw osteomyelitis;
  • Phlegmon and abscesses.

Orthopedic dentistry:

  • Dental prosthetics;
  • Dental tabs;
  • Dental crowns;
  • Occlusion.

Orthodontics:

  • Bite correction;
  • Bite;
  • Braces.

Aesthetic dentistry:

  • teeth extension to correct the shape (with chips, cracks and other deformations);
  • restoration of color and shape through restoration;
  • teeth whitening techniques (ultrasound, laser systems, professionally cleaned teeth);
  • correction of the bite using braces;
  • improving the aesthetic appearance with veneers, lumineers, linings;
  • decorating segments of the dentition using an imitation of tattoos, precious stones, Swarovski crystals.

10 signs that you should see a dentist

It is important not to miss the moment of the development of the disease and make an appointment on time. Below you see the signs that indicate dental problems:

  1. Halitosis (bad breath). Bacteria localized in the affected areas of the gums and teeth cause an unpleasant odor in the oral cavity, which cannot be removed by brushing your teeth and using a rinse aid. If you notice this symptom, consult your dentist;
  2. Damage to tooth enamel. Often, a small crack or chip is not noticeable. However, when drinking hot drinks or sweets, strong painful sensations are observed, which subside after rinsing the oral cavity. If the damage is significant, then the pain will be sharp and unbearable. Consult your dentist to avoid partial or complete decay of the tooth;
  3. The loss of a filling is often not perceived as a problem. However, the damaged area becomes a vulnerable location for caries, and a nerve may become inflamed at the site of the lost filling. If you are postponing a visit to the dentist and are not going to restore the lost filling in the near future – get ready for a longer treatment;
  4. Many of us do not attach any importance to traces of blood on the toothbrush, suggesting that bleeding appeared as a result of mechanical damage to the gums. But if such a phenomenon has become systematic, you should immediately consult a doctor. Gum bleeding can indicate inflammatory processes in the gums, which subsequently develop into gingivitis or periodontitis.
  5. The gap between the tooth and the gum. This symptom indicates the presence of an inflammatory process or its incomplete, incorrect treatment;
  6. Suppuration on the gums. In the absence of proper treatment, a minor inflammatory process can spread to neighboring areas and lead to more serious consequences;
  7. If you notice redness and inflammation of the gums at the site of a recently installed crown or bridge, consult a doctor immediately. Uncomfortable sensations and inflammatory processes indicate an incorrect installation of the orthopedic design;
  8. Fluorosis – a change in the color of tooth enamel – appears as a result of oversaturation of the body with fluorine, which is often found in excess in drinking water. If you notice spots on the surface of the enamel or the teeth change color sharply – immediately consult a doctor;
  9. Violation of the bite. The displacement of one or more teeth indicates their loss. If you notice this alarming symptom, be sure to see a dentist;
  10. A cyst – a small seal on the top of the tooth filled with fluid – is a sign to see a dentist. A cyst at an early stage is treated painlessly, while neglected formations must be removed only by surgery. Attentive attitude to the state of the oral cavity is the key to a snow-white smile.

Category: Health and Wellness

Tags: Dentist, Dentures, teeth

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